AITO: The Association of Independent Tour Operators
Citadels of Transylvania

Citadels of Transylvania

Citadels of Transylvania Overview

• Explore the fortified churches of the Transylvanian Saxons in Romania • Visit the UNESCO World Heritage sites of Câlnic Citadel and the three-aisle Biertan Fortified Church • Travel through Sibiu, Cluj-Napoca and Brașov, and take in the wooden churches and gates of the Maramureș region

The Transylvanian Saxons – a group of German-speaking artisans, farmers and merchants – were first invited to settle in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains by the Hungarian Crown in the 13th century. In response to raids in the late Middle Ages, fortresses were erected around their churches, and our tour to present-day Romania will feature visits to a handful of these fortified structures. Visits will include the UNESCO World Heritage site of Prejmer, where the early Gothic Church of the Holy Cross was walled in the 15th century, and Biertan, with its late Gothic complex dating from c 1522. This tour will be led by Alex Koller, PhD, an expert in art history and architecture. Alex has lived and studied in Vienna, Salzburg and Cambridge. In addition to his interest in art history, Alex is a linguist, numbering German, French, Italian and Russian amongst his languages.
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